Researchers have analyzed the results of 114 studies with a total of more than 4184 participants to see which training methods are effective in the fight against overweight and obesity. It was shown that strength training combined with a calorie-restricted diet was particularly effective in reducing body fat percentage and body fat mass. Combined strength and endurance training and strength training alone were also effective. These results were the same for men and women across all age groups, the scientists report in the specialist journal “Obesity Reviews”.
Pedro Lopez of Australia’s Edith Cowan University said: “When we talk about obesity, body composition or weight loss, it’s usually all about endurance training. But we can also achieve meaningful effects with strength training in combination with a lower calorie intake. The effects are similar to those of endurance training.”
He thinks it’s important to be able to offer people with obesity options other than endurance exercise: “This group may be uncomfortable with the prospect of 30 or 40 minutes on a treadmill or bike. They can injure their knees, joints or ligaments because many endurance sports require them to carry their entire body weight.”
However, he emphasized that this study did not provide a comparison between endurance and strength sports and that a reduction in calories was necessary regardless of the type of sport practiced: “If you want to lose weight, you have to reduce your calorie intake.”
Which: DOI 10.1111/obr.13428