– Some are already full of steam in the morning, others have an appetite only later in the day. But what role does it actually play in our bodies when we eat something?
“Eat like an emperor in the morning, like a nobleman at noon, and like a pauper at night.” Many people can still hear these words when talking about the three main dishes. However, whether the proverb actually has anything is a controversial debate in science.
Does the time of day affect energy metabolism?
It has long been questioned whether the time of day has any effect at all. “It used to be thought that a calorie is a calorie and it doesn’t matter when it’s consumed,” says Olga Ramich, head of the Molecular Nutrition Research Group at the German Institute for Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke (DIfE).
And indeed, there’s research that backs this up at first glance: most recently, a team from the University of Aberdeen in Scotland reported that, at least when it comes to energy metabolism it makes no difference whether you consume most of your daily calories in the morning or in the evening.
A larger breakfast causes positive reactions
However, overweight people saw benefits from a large breakfast, co-author Alexandra Johnstone said: “Participants reported better appetite control on days they ate a larger breakfast and felt fuller the rest of the day.” day.”
This is noticeable to Olga Ramich satiety interestingly, “This does not result in direct metabolic regulation through temporary caloric distribution, but there is a positive effect on behavior.” In addition, other studies have shown that the time of day affects the metabolic response induced by food.
Studies show that energy expenditure is higher in the morning than in the evening
“For example, my research group conducted studies where we compared the effects of the same meal in the morning and in the afternoon,” says Ramich. “We found that blood sugar levels after…