How often do dogs need to be vaccinated against rabies?


The veterinarian holds the syringe with the rabies vaccine in front of the dog. Photo: dpa / Nicolas Armer


In Germany, rabies has been eradicated from dogs and wildlife. However, in theory, it is possible to infect animals brought in through bats or from rabies areas. How to protect your dog from rabies?

Rabies is transmitted to humans through animal bites. According to the Robert Koch Institute, the incubation period for humans after infection can last from a few days to several years. If the disease starts, it is always fatal.

What causes rabies?

Rabies is caused by so-called lysaviruses, which are transmitted through saliva or through the mucous membranes and blood.

Viruses can infect all mammals, especially doge, cats, foxes, wolves, raccoons, ferrets and bats, but humans can also become infected. Infection usually occurs through bites or scratches.

What is the risk of infection in humans?

The chances of getting rabies in Germany are close to zero. In some illegally imported and therefore widespread unvaccinated dogs from areas of rabies there is a small risk that they may be infected with rabies.

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Is rabies common in Germany?

In Germany, since 2008, the so-called land, i.e. However, in Germany, several species of bats are carriers of lysavirus and can transmit rabies to humans through bites or scratches.

Bats, like flying animals, do not live on earth. This means that their infection does not fall into land-based rabies. Therefore, bite or scratching of a bat is always required for subsequent vaccination against rabies.

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How dangerous is rabies in dogs?

Rabies is always fatal in unvaccinated dogs. This is why vaccination prevention is so important. There is no antidote for rabies in dogs.

How can dogs get infected?

Dogs usually get the virus from foxes or each other. The incubation period after a bite injury is two to ten weeks, depending on how close the wound is to the brain. The disease progresses from day to week after its onset.

What are the dangers of dogs from Ukraine?

The Friedrich Loeffler Institute (FLI) in Greifswald, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, has estimated that people brought in from Ukraine can contract rabies. pete as very low. The Federal Institute for Animal Health Research reports that the disease occurs there and has occasionally occurred in unvaccinated dogs in recent years.

An animal that lacks vaccination protection is likely to be infected by crossing the border but not yet showing any symptoms at a rate of around 1 in 300,000. In the case of dogs and cats vaccinated against rabies, the risk of infection is even lower.

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How to protect dogs from rabies?

The Friedrich-Loeffler Institute’s Standing Committee on Veterinary Medicine (StIKo Vet) recommends basic immunization of dogs when they are puppies.

Experts advise developing a comprehensive vaccination plan based on combination vaccines, such as the six-fold active substance against fever, parvovirus, leptospirosis, hepatitis contagiosa canis, rabies and kennel cough.

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How often should dogs be vaccinated?

The vaccination schedule is as follows:

1. Primary immunization:

Mirk first vaccination against rabies the dog should be twelve weeks old.

Mirk second vaccination occurs at the age of 15 weeks.

The dog should during the vaccination cycle third rabies vaccination one year after the second vaccination.

2. Revaccinations:

Revaccination is planned every two or three years to maintain protection.

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