What types of ticks are common and how to protect yourself?

Partner: Ticks are blood-sucking parasites and are widespread around the world: The number of risk areas, including Germany, is increasing.[1] In addition, there is an increase in tick-borne diseases, especially Lyme disease.[2] As a result, the need for and interest in protective behavioral measures against ticks is growing.

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In addition to all these panel ticks, there are also leather ticks. They lack a shield on their back, which makes the skin softer and leatherier. They live mainly in tropical and subtropical areas. Although the pigeon mite is one of the species of leather ticks, it is also considered native to Germany. Under the right conditions, he can live up to 18 years old and mainly affects pigeons.[7]

Which tick repellents are one of the most effective remedies?

Due to the mild winters in Central Europe, the tick season now takes place almost all year round. Various types of ticks feel particularly comfortable in warm and humid regions. These can be forest and trail edges, stream banks, forest clearings and undergrowth, as well as gardens, playgrounds and sports grounds, as well as parks.

Therefore, staying on the slopes while riding or riding a mountain bike is a precautionary measure. Protect yourself on the site: tick repellents, long pants and sleeves, socks (which you can put on the legs of your pants) and closed shoes.

Also, prefer light clothing because it is easier to see small ticks on them than on dark clothing. However, the larvae of the wood mite are still light, the hedgehog is also white, and the Australian tick species is so bright that it is called a 'white mite'. For this reason, you should check your body for ticks when you are outside. The shower can wash away any entrenched parasites.

As Lyme disease vaccines are still not available in Germany alone, it is advisable to use tick repellents to prevent tick bites, despite some 200,000 infections a year.[8] The risk of Borrelia transmission is highly dependent on how long the mite is in the skin.[9] Therefore, the first aid measure is to keep the blood pump away from the skin or to remove it as soon as possible.

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Viruses that cause tick-borne encephalopathy are likely to transmit only about 0.1 to 5 percent of native ticks in risk areas.[10] The time to removal of the animal is less significant for this risk of disease, and viruses are transmitted directly through the tick bite.9 Anyone who frequently comes in contact with parasites can be vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis.

In addition, other tick-borne diseases are known to be much less common. The best protection is defensive ...

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