Monkey pox: cases in the UK – what is known about the infection

cases in the UK
Outbreak in Europe – What you should know about monkey pox

monkey pox

This electron micrograph shows the monkey pox virus

© Andrea Männel / RKI / / DPA

Smallpox has been eradicated for 40 years. There is currently an outbreak of smallpox in the UK. Despite fewer cases, the Robert Koch Institute is now warning doctors to be careful. What exactly are monkey pox? And how can the infection be treated?

Thanks to a successful vaccination campaign, smallpox has been eradicated since the 1980s. The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) describes that a large portion of the world’s population is no longer vaccinated. From 2017 There has been an increase in human cases of smallpox in Nigeria. Currently also experienced Great Britain outbreak. The British Health Care Agency (UKHSA) has recorded seven cases. That’s why RKI now wants to sensitize German doctors to the virus.

What causes monkey pox?

Monkey pox is caused by infection with the monkey pox virus. The monkey pox virus belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus of the family Poxviridae. Other smallpox viruses belong to the genus Orthopoxvirus, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Monkey pox was first detected in 1958 in monkey colonies held for research. Hence the name of the viral infection.

How are they transferred?

When monkeys are sick, people can boast a sound RKI become infected by contact with infected squirrels, rats or monkeys. This can happen by biting, treating the animal as a pet, and coming in contact with the animal’s blood or secretions. Humans can also become infected from animals by eating monkey meat or infested with droplets. The virus enters the body through damaged skin, the airways or mucous membranes.

According to RKI, human-to-person transmission has “apparently increased” since the 1980s. A possible explanation for this may be decreased protection against smallpox. According to the CDC, a person is transmitted to a person primarily in drops. There is also direct contact with body fluids or rash crust infection can. It is also possible to become infected through sexual intercourse. According to RKI, men who have sex with men should “see a doctor immediately” if they experience any unusual skin changes.

What is known about UK cases?

The first infection, which became known in Britain in early May, is said to have contracted Nigeria go back The connections between the victims are only partially known. In some cases, it is not clear where the infected individuals were infected. Four recently reported cases involving men who had sex with other men. They are said to have been infected in London, UKHSA says.

What is the risk of an outbreak in the UK?

Following the first confirmed case of smallpox in early May, UK health experts have emphasized that smallpox is not easily transmitted from person to person and that the risk to the entire population is very low.

What are the symptoms of smallpox pox?

According to UKHSA, most infections are mild. However, serious infections can also occur. According to RKI, CDC and UKHSA, the following symptoms occur:

  • sudden fever
  • (severe headache
  • back pain
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • muscle aches / pains
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • chills
  • exhaustion
  • rash that often begins on the face and spreads to other parts of the body The rash may look different depending on the stage of the disease and may be similar to chickenpox or syphilis. Eventually a scab forms and falls off.

How long have you been sick of monkey pox?

According to the CDC, the infection usually lasts two to four weeks. Until …

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